The early days - 1000 years of chinese domination- Liberation from china - China bites back - Le lo enters the scene - The coming of the europeans - Lording it over the people - Tay son rebrllion - The last of the nguyens - The french takeover - Independence aspiration - WWII breaks out - A false dawn - War with the french - A separate south vietnam - A new north vietnam - The north south war - Enter the cavalry - The turing point - Nixon his doctrine- Other foreign involvement - The fall of the south - Reunification of vietnam - Opening the door - Vietnam today


The Chinese seized control of Vi etnam again in th e early 15th c entury, carting off the national archives and some of the country's intellectuals to China -an irreparable loss to Vietnamese civilisation. The Chinese controlled much of the country from 1407, imposing a regime of heavy taxation and slave labour. The poet Nguyen Trai (1380-1442) wrote of this period: Were the water of the Eastern Sea to be exhausted, the stain of their ignominy could not be washed away, all the bamboo of the Southern Mountains would not suffice to provide the paper for recording all their crimes.